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Culture and Tourism

Air Transport And Tourism

Air transport and tourism are interlinked. Tourism is a driving factor for, and, in some cases, a stimulator of change in air transport, most notably - the development of new business models such as charter airlines. On the other hand, air transport opens new destinations while tourism forms long-haul excursions.
However, air transport is the main mode for international tourism air transport plays a dominant role in inter-regional movements of tourists, which normally entails travel over long-distance. Growth rates of international air traffic are pegged with growth rates of international tourism. Tourism and Air Transport industry complement each other. Tourism depends on transportation to bring visitors, while the transportation industry depends on tourism to generate demand for its services. The growth in tourism industry directly reflects onto the air transportation. Over the last 25 years, the number of international tourists has doubled, even as the expansion of international tourism has a large impact on the discipline of transport geography.
Transport is the cause and the effect of the growth of tourism. To start with, the improved facilities have stimulated tourism, while the expansion of tourism has stimulated transport.    Accessibility is the main function behind the basics of tourism transport. In order to access the areas that are mainly aimed, tourists will use any transportation mode. However, air transport is the main mode for international tourism as it plays a dominant role in inter-regional movements of tourists, which normally entails travel over long-distance. Growth rates of international air traffic are pegged with growth rates of international tourism. Attractive package tours, competitive airfare attract more and more tourist day by days, therefore both the industry is expanding rapidly.
Transport policies and decisions of governments can make a big difference in the destinations available to tourists, for instance the Suvarnabhumi airport Bangkok, Thailand. Air transport is far advance than the transport mode. Air transport has revolutionized the geographical aspect of distances; the most remote areas can now be attained, any journey around the world can be measured in terms of hours of traveling. With jet that can reach up to 1950 km/hrs, international tourism is no longer an on going adventure.
About 6.7 million jobs worldwide are in tourism industry directly supported by the spending of foreign visitors arriving by air. Taking into account both the overseas visitors and work force employed, it can be said that the Industry is giant in shape.
 American Airlines saves US$40,000 in a year by eliminating one olive from each salad served in first class only. The role of international airlines in the total tourism business is to provide mass and quick transportation between countries under safe, standardized and economical conditions. Its relationship to the tourism industry is better understood by breaking down the entire activity of tourism into its component parts. Because of quick and efficient transportation, people are spurred to travel for various reasons as destinations have become more accessible. Some of these reasons to travel are Sightseeing - historical, cultural, social and technological sights Relaxation - beach and mountain resorts Sport - mountain, climbing, skiing, surfing, scuba diving Special Interest - Study tours on art, history, religion, culture and science, Shopping - personal and professional Business, Governmental/political, cultural, as social and scientific reasons. The travel industry requires an efficient infrastructure which put together constitutes the tourism industry which is the world's second largest industry.
Each country has a point of prestige of its national carrier. To name a few, they are Lufthansa of West Germany, British Airways of United Kingdom and Air France for France. In order that these carriers can fly to or over other countries to reach their destinations, Governments negotiate with each other to grant certain "freedoms.Air transport contributes to sustainable development. By facilitating tourism and trade, it generates economic growth, provides jobs, improves living standards, alleviates poverty and increases revenues from taxes.
There are numerous airlines both local and international ones that aid both local and international airtransport and tourism. In Nigeria we have such airlines like, Ibom Air (Akwa Ibom), Air Peace, Allied Air, Arik Air, Dana Air, Aero Contractors, Azman Air, and Dornier Aviation Nigeria. Others are, First Nation Airways, Green Africa Airways, Kabo Air, and TAT Nigeria.
Foreign airlines include, Emirate (UAE), Indian Airlines, Bangkok Airways, Qatar Airways, Cathay Pacific Airways, Lufthansa Airlines, KLM, Air France, British Airways, Ethiopian Airline, Virgin Atlantic, and others.
Ibom Air
Ibom Air is Akwa Ibom-owned airline that is boosting the state's economic fortunes in the challenging skies.
To ensure that our state remains the destination of choice for foreign investors, government launched Ibom Air to operate at our wholly - owned Obong Victor Attah International Airport to lessen the problems that were being encountered by our numerous air travelers at then. The three Canadian-made Bombardier aircraft are in full operation. Just recently, the fourth fleet arrived Lagos and then Akwa Ibom. Though government exclusively owns Ibom Air, its management and operations, it promised to completely align professionally with its best practices.
The aircraft which have sitting capacities of about 90 ,operate routes that give preference to Akwa Ibom people.
Air Peace
Air Peace is a privately-owned full service carrier based Lagos and operating from the Murtala Mohammed Airport, Nigeria. The carrier operates scheduled/charter and dedicated freighter services. Air Peace utilizes a mixed fleet consisting of wide body, narrow body and turboprop aircraft.
Allied Air
 Allied Air is a cargo airline based in Lagos, Nigeria. . It operates scheduled and charter services in Nigeria and throughout Africa. Its main base is Murtala Mohammed International Airport, Lagos.
The airline is a registered Nigerian company established in 1998. [2] The Nigerian and government set a deadline of April 30, 2007 for all airlines operating in the country to re-capitalise or be grounded, in an effort to ensure better services and safety. The airline satisfied the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA)'s criteria in terms of re-capitalization and was re-registered for operation.
  Key scheduled destinations include Accra, Freetown, Monrovia, Entebbe, and Malabo. It also has regular services to Liege. The Allied Air fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of August 2019): Allied Air Fleet, Aircraft In Fleet Note and Boeing 737-400F 3 1 operating for DH.
  Allied airline used to operate Boeing 727-200Fs and one was written off in an accident on June 2, 2012. On June 2, 2012, a Boeing 727-200F, operating flight Allied Air Flight 111, overshot the runway as it landed at Kotoka International Airport in the Ghanaian city of Accra after flying from Lagos, Nigeria. The plane continued through the airport boundary fence and across a main road, hitting a minivan. Ten people in the minivan were killed outright. The plane's four crew suffered minor injuries. This accident took place before the fatal DANA Air crash.

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